THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: PIB News Analysis 22nd - 27th July 2019

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PIB News Analysis 22nd - 27th July 2019

1)Capacity Strengthening Initiative for 2.5 lakh Panchayats launched :- The Union Minister of Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, today launched the capacity strengthening initiative of the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, in Ranchi, Jharkhand.

2)CRPF Celebrates 81st Raising Day:- The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is India's largest Central Armed Police Force and also considered to be World's largest Paramilitary Force. It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India.

Formed 27 July, 1939

3)Implementation of Krishonnati Yojana:-

The ‘Green Revolution - Krishonnati Yojana’ was approved coterminous with the period of the Fourteenth Finance Commission from 2017-18 to 2019-20. ‘Green Revolution– Krishonnati Yojana’ is an Umbrella Scheme comprising both Central Sector as well as Centrally Sponsored Schemes/Missions. This Umbrella Scheme has the following twelve Schemes/Missions:

(1) Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH);
(2) National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP);
(3) National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
(4) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA);
(5) Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE);
(6) Sub-Mission on Seeds & Planting Material (SMSP);
(7) Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM);
(8) Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPPQ);
(9) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Census, Economics and Statistics;
(10) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation;
(11) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM);
(12) National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A).

Ministry :- Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

4)Draft National Policy on e-Commerce:- A draft National e-Commerce policy has been prepared and placed in public domain, which addresses six broad issues of the e-commerce ecosystem viz. e-commerce marketplaces; regulatory issues; infrastructure development; data; stimulating domestic digital economy and export promotion through e-commerce.

5)One Nation - One Ration Card Scheme:- To sustain the reforms brought in by scheme on ‘End to End Computerization of Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) Operations’ the Department of Food & Public Distribution has launched a new scheme namely “Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS)” for implementation during 2018-19 and 2019-20.

The main objective of the scheme is to introduce nation-wide portability of ration card holders under National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA), to lift their entitlement foodgrains from any FPS in the country without the need to obtain a new ration card, by integrating the existing PDS systems/portals of States/UTs with the Central systems/portals, etc.

6)20th Anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas.

7)National Mental Health Programme (NMHP):-To address the burden of mental disorders, the Government of India is implementing the National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) since 1982.

Under this Programme, the Government is implementing manpower development schemes for establishment of Centres of Excellence and strengthening/ establishment of Post Graduate (PG) Departments in mental health specialties and District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) for detection, management and treatment of mental disorders/ illness.

8)Health Index:-The second edition of NITI Aayog’s Health Index was recently released in its report titled ‘Healthy States, Progressive India: Report on Rank of States and UTs’.

The Index ranks the States and Union Territories based on 23 health-related indicators which include –

  1. neonatal mortality rate
  2. under-five mortality rate
  3. proportion of low birth weight among new-borns
  4. progress in treating tuberculosis and HIV
  5. full immunisation coverage
  6. improvements to administrative capability and public health infrastructure
  7. proportion of districts with functional Cardiac Care Units
  8. proportion of specialist positions vacant at district hospitals

The Health Index does not capture other related dimensions, such as non-communicable diseases, infectious diseases and mental health.

It also does not get uniformly reliable data, especially from the growing private sector.

Kerala continued to top the list for the best performing State in the health sector among the 21 large States.

Kerala was followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

Uttar Pradesh retains the worst performer tag in the index.

9)UTKALIKA:- A proposal to set up a Craft village at Sukhuapada and Lalitgiri has been received from Odisha State Cooperative Handicrafts Corporations Ltd. (UTAKALIKA)

10)POSHAN Abhiyaan:- The Government has set up POSHAN Abhiyaan on 18.12.2017 for a three year time frame, commencing from 2017-18. The Abhiyaan aims to reduce malnutrition in the Country in a phased manner, through a life cycle approach, by adopting a synergised and result oriented approach.

The target of the Abhiyaan is to reduce stunting in children (0-6 years), under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years) and Low Birth Weight at 2% per annum and reduce anaemia among young children (6-59 months), women and adolescent girls at 3% per annum across the country.

11)Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram:- Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribal population by harnessing the wealth of forest i.e. Van Dhan. The programme aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity.

Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram seeks to promote and leverage the collective strength of tribal people to achieve a viable scale.

12)Khadi and Village Industries Commission:- The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body formed by the Government of India, under the Act of Parliament, 'Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956'. It is an apex organisation under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, with regard to khadi and village industries within India, which seeks to - "plan, promote, facilitate, organise and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development wherever necessary.

13)PM releases the book "Chandra Shekhar - The Last Icon of Ideological Politics"- The book has been written by Shri Harivansh, Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha; and Shri Ravi Dutt Bajpai.

14)India Ranked 52ndin Global Innovation Index-2019:-India jumped five places to improve its position from 57th last year to 52nd in 2019.

Switzerland remains number one is the GII index followed by Sweden, the United States of America, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Finland, Denmark, Singapore, Germany and Israel.

The GII rankings are published every year by Cornell University, INSEAD and the UN World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and GII Knowledge Partners.

14)Chandrayaan-2:- India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle GSLV MkIII-M1, successfully launched the 3840 kg Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft into an earth orbit today.

India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle GSLV MkIII-M1, successfully launched the 3840 kg Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft into an earth orbit today.

GSLV Mk III is a three-stage launch vehicle developed by ISRO. The vehicle has two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage. The vehicle is designed to carry 4 ton class of satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) or about 10 tons to Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

Chandrayaan-2 is India's second mission to the moon. It comprises a fully indigenous Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan). The Rover Pragyan is housed inside Vikram lander.

The mission objective of Chandrayaan-2 is to develop and demonstrate the key technologies for end-to-end lunar mission capability, including soft-landing and roving on the lunar surface.

15)Parliament Passes the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 unanimously:-The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 was enacted to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), the State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) and the Human Rights Courts for protection of human rights.

The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019, inter alia, provides

  • that a person who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of India;
  • to increase the Members of the Commission from two to three of which, one shall be a woman;
  • to include Chairperson of the National Commission for Backward Classes, Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities as deemed Members of the Commission;
  • to reduce the term of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission and the State Commissions from five to three years and shall be eligible for re-appointment;

to provide that a person who has been a Judge of a High Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the State Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of the High Court.

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