Wednesday, 7 December 2016

Daily PIB News Analysis/Summary For 6th and 7th December 2016 : For UPSC /IAS Exam

1)The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on his Nirvan Divas : 6th December

2)In pursuit of India’s ‘Act East’ policy and outreach to friendly countries, the Indian Navy’s Offshore Patrol Vessel Sumitra, has reached Darwin, Australia

3)Winter Fog Experiment (WIFEX 2016-17):
What is Fog:-Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets suspended in the air or near the Earth’s surface.

What is the Purpose of WIFEX:- The objectives of the Winter Fog Experiment (WIFEX) are to develop better now-casting (next 6 hours) and forecasting of winter fog on various time and spatial scales, and help reduce its adverse impact on aviation, transportation and economy, and loss of human life due to accidents.

Who is conducting these : Ministry of Earth Sciences.

4) Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on the successful launch of PSLV-C36/Resourcesat-2A into polar Sun Synchronous Orbit.

PSLV-C36 is the thirty eighth flight of ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) placed the 1235 kg RESOURCESAT-2A into an 817 km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO).
PSLV-C36 was launched from the First Launch Pad (FLP) at Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. In this flight, the 'XL' version of PSLV with six solid strap-on motors was used.

PSLV is the ISRO's versatile launch vehicle for launching multiple satellites in polar SSOs, Low Earth Orbits (LEO) as well as Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) and sub GTO.

The three cameras of different resolution on the spacecraft will give regular micro and macro information on land and water bodies below, farm lands and crop extent, forests, mineral deposits, coastal information, rural and urban spreads besides helping in disaster management.

Resourcesat-1 was put in space in October 2003 and Resourcesat-2 in April 2011, each with a planned life of five years.

5)Armed Forces Flag Day : 7th December

6)The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has approved the proposal of half yearly review of Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) rates for Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers for the year 2016-17.

7)Ministry of Commerce has implemented the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) since 2001. The objectives of NPOP are as under:

1)To provide the means of evaluation of certification programme for organic agriculture and products
2)To facilitate certification of organic products in conformity with the prescribed standards.
3)To encourage the development of organic farming and organic processing.

8)Earthquake Prone Areas: Bureau of Indian Standards [IS 1893 (Part I):2002], has grouped the country into four seismic zones,
viz. Zone II, III, IV and V.

Of these, Zone V is seismically the most active region, while zone II is the least.

Broadly, Zone - V comprises entire northeastern India, parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, part of North Bihar and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Zone - IV covers remaining parts of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, Sikkim, Northern Parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, parts of Gujarat and small portions of Maharashtra near the west coast and Rajasthan.

Zone – III comprises Kerala, Goa, Lakshadweep islands, remaining parts of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and West Bengal, Parts of Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Karnataka.

Zone - II covers remaining parts of country.

9)India International Science Festival (IISF-2016) inaugurated in New Delhi.
This is the 2nd IISF.
1st was also in New Delhi.



Tuesday, 6 December 2016

Daily PIB NEWS ANALYSIS FOR 2nd 3rd 4th and 5th December 2016 SUmmary/Gist

 Watch YouTube Online Lecture : HERE

1)KONKAN 16, the 2016 edition of the annual bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and the Royal Navy.

2)New Delhi Declaration on Education adopted during the 4th meeting of BRICS EDUCATION MINISTERS:

i)Initiate actions to formulate country-specific targets within the broader scope of the SDG4 and corresponding targets

ii)Share information on higher education systems, approval and recognition processes, quality assurance and accreditation across BRICS countries.

iii) Identify a nodal institution within each country and create an institutional network to share ICT policies, Open Educational Resources and other e-resources, including e-Libraries, among BRICS member countries.

3)Workers Rehabilitation Scheme :

Under this scheme a term loan is provided through State Channelizing Agencies, Regional Rural Banks and Nationalized Banks to the target group who are doing sewerage/drainage work in unhygienic working conditions.

Purpose :- So that they can do the cleaning work mechanically instead of manually. By purchasing various sanitation based equipments like Vacuum Loader, Garbage Disposal Vehicles, Suction Machine and Pay & Use Toilet for doing sewerage/cleaning/work mechanically & other sanitation related income generating activities etc.

4)4th December was the Indian Navy Day.

It started from 1971 when to commemorate the Indian Navy's attack on the Karachi harbour.

5)Sixth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia Istanbul Process on Afghanistan started at Amritsar, India.

6)International Day of Persons with Disabilities: 3rd December

7)The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee received the first copy of a coffee table book ‘Betiyan’ at Rashtrapati Bhavan today (December 2, 2016). The book has been compiled and authored by Mrs. Kiran Chopra, Founder Chairperson, Varishth Nagrik Kesari Club.

8)Universal Immunization Programme : Under UIP, Government of India is providing vaccination free of cost against ten vaccine preventable diseases i.e. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B and Meningitis & Pneumonia caused by Hemophilus Influenza type B across the country; Japanese Encephalitis in JE endemic districts and Rotavirus diarrhoea in selected states.

9)PMSSY:The Government under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) has decided to upgrade 71 existing Government Medical Colleges/Institutes (GMCIs) in the country under the Scheme at various phases

10)Dr. Karan Singh re-nominated as Chairman of Auroville Foundation, an autonomous body under HRD Ministry.
It may be added that Auroville (City of Dawn) is an experimental township in the state of Tamil Nadu, with some parts in the Union Territory of Puducherry.

The Government of India notified the constitution of Auroville Foundation as a Statutory Body on 29th January, 1991 as per the Auroville Foundation Act, 1988.
Today Auroville is recognized as International living experiment in human unity, endorsed by the UNESCO and supported by the Government of India.

11)Mission RAFTAAR : ‘Mission Raftaar’ was launched with the objective of  doubling of average speed of freight trains, and increasing the average speed of all non-suburban passenger trains by 25 kilometre per hour (kmph)  in next 5 years.


Sunday, 4 December 2016

YOJANA / KURUKSHETRA Magzine October Month 2016 Summary For UPSC/IAS PART 2


 Watch Online Lecture : HERE


Waste management in rural areas: Completing Swachh Cycle

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has asked all the states and UTs to develop a cleanliness index and solid and liquid waste management index to rank villages, gram panchayats, blocks, districts and states. It is to raise awareness and instil a sense of competitiveness.

In rural areas, despite the waste generated being pre-dominantly organic, incorrect disposal can lead to serious problems including growth of water borne diseases such as diarrhoea, malaria, dengue, cholera and typhoid.

Estimates indicate that people in rural India are generating 0.3 to 0.4 million metric tons of organic/recyclable solid waste per day and 88% of the total disease burden is due to lack of clean water, sanitation and improper solid waste management. 

Solid waste management:

 States are to decide the technologies suitable to their areas.
 Collection, segregation and safe disposal of household garbage: decentralised systems like household composting and biogas plants are permitted.
 Activities related to maximum reuse of organic solid wastes as manure should be adopted.
 Such technologies may include vermi-composting, NADEP composting or any other composting method, individual and community biogas plants.

Liquid waste management

 Methods adopted for management of liquid wastes may focus on maximum reuse of such waste for agriculture purposes with least operation and maintenance costs.
 For collection of waste water, low cost drainage/small bore system, soakage pit may be adopted.

Treatment of wastewater

 Waste water stabilisation pond
 Duckweed based wastewater treatment
 Phytoroid technology (by NEERI)

Anaerobic decentralised wastewater treatment

 DEWATS stands for “Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems”. DEWATS represents a technical approach rather than merely a technology package.

 DEWATS applications are based on four basic technical treatment modules which are combined according to
1. Primary treatment: sedimentation and floatation
2. Secondary anaerobic treatment in fixed-bed reactors: baffled upstream reactors or anaerobic filters
3. Tertiary aerobic treatment in sub-surface flow filters
4. Tertiary aerobic treatment in polishing ponds

Main DEWATS-modules for physical and biological wastewater treatment:

1. Settler
2. Anaerobic Baffled Reactor
3. Anaerobic Filter
4. Planted Gravel Filter

India Handloom Brand:

“India Handloom Brand” is an endorsement to quality of the handloom products in terms of raw material, processing, embellishments, weaving design and other parameters besides social and environmental compliances for earning the trust of the consumers.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the India Handloom Brand as part of the First ever National Handloom Day celebrations. 

Objectives –

 To earn the trust of consumers by endorsing the quality of handloom products in terms of raw materials, processing, embellishments, weaving design and other quality parameters.
 To ensure social and environmental compliances in production of handlooms.
 To create a niche market space for high quality handloom products which cater especially to the demand for diverse products among the younger generation and export markets with high growth potential.
 To increase the earnings of the weavers.

Benefits –

The India Handloom brand initiative is intended to bring the following benefits to various stakeholders of the handloom sector:
 Handloom products with the premium India Handloom brand would be differentiated from other products in terms of quality.
 Through the brand, the customer will be assured that the product quality is high because of proper texture, use of good quality yarns and dyeing with safe dyes which are free from banned amines.
 Bulk buyers and exporters will be able to source quality branded fabrics as per their designs.
 Weavers will be able to get bulk orders and higher wages by interacting directly with the market.
 Weaver entrepreneurs and other manufacturers will take up production and marketing of quality handloom fabrics in bulk within and outside the country.

Online Portal for Handloom Stall Allotment:

 A portal for handloom stalls allotment to serve as a weaver-friendly platform and streamlining the process.
 Through the portal, Technology shall be leveraged to bring in more transparency in the allotment process and also ease of process for handloom weavers
 Weavers/Organizations will be able to apply on the portal as and when online applications are called via advertisements in leading newspapers.
 Weavers/Organizations will register themselves for applying for allotment for the first time. Thereafter, their database will keep updating.
 The system will allot applicants a login and password for submitting application. After getting registered, they can apply online. Online applications will automatically get forwarded to the Weavers Service Centre (WSC) under whose jurisdiction the applicants fall.
 WSCs will have to scrutinise the applications of eligible applicants online within the stipulated time and also state the reasons for not recommending a particular application.
 The recommended applications will be compiled centrally by the system and made ready for a computerised draw. State-wise and slot-wise computerised list of selected candidates including waitlist will then be prepared.
 Ministry of Textiles will actively promote the brand through media campaigns to raise awareness among manufacturers as well as consumers and create demand for products with the India Handloom brand.

THAT's ALL for Today Friends !!

Thank You And Have a Nice Day !!

Friday, 2 December 2016


Watch YouTube Tutorial of this Post : Here

Hello Friends , Please Find Below the UPSC MAINS Exam 2016 Essay Paper.

This Year both the essay could have been easily written , some very Recent Topics which were in News were Asked .

River Water Disputes have been Thoroughly described in one of our videos.

Please Do Attempt and Write the Essay on any of the Topic You Like .

Thursday, 1 December 2016

Daily PIB NEWS ANALYSIS SUmmary /Gist for UPSC EXAM : 1st December 2016

Watch YouTube Online Lecture   HERE

1)‘Distinguished Indologist Award 2016’ on eminent Prof. Yu Longyu of the People’s Republic of China. He has been selected by the learned Jury for his significant contribution to Indology

What is Indology :- The study of Indian history, literature, philosophy, and culture.

2)Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon, is a totally indigenous mission comprising of Orbiter, Lander and Rover.

The Orbiter carrying six payloads will orbit around the Moon in 100 km lunar orbit. The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice.

ISRO is working towards the launch of Chandrayaan-2 during the first quarter of 2018.

3)Yoga, India’s one of the ancient practices has now been inscribed as an element in the UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of humanity during the 11th session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage held in Addis Ababa.

Addis Ababa is the Capital of Ethiopia.

4)World Aids Day : 1st December

5)HRD Ministry, launched ‘Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan’.

For creating awareness among people about digital economy and cashless modes of transactions.

Ministry appealed to the faculty and especially young students to come forward and join ‘Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan’ to encourage, create awareness and motivate all people around them to use a digitally enabled cashless economic system for transfer of fund.

6)Lakhwar Multipurpose Project is a Project on the River Yamuna in the state of Uttarakhand.

7)Portal ‘E-Box’ launched by WCD Ministry to register online complaints of child sexual abuse.

Also a Toll Free no. 1098 has been there to register complaints of Child Abuse.

That's All for Today Friends !!
Thank You and Have a Nice Day !!

Daily PIB NEWS ANALYSIS/Summary Gist For IAS/UPSC Exam 29th and 30th November 2016

 Watch YouTube Online Lecture  HERE

1)AYUSH-QOL-2C developed to minimize side effects of Chemo and radiotherapy in Cancer patients

Also Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) has developed an anti-diabetic drug AYUSH-82.

2)The Government has decided to introduce Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system for fertilizer subsidy payments. Under the proposed system, 100% subsidy on various fertilizer grades shall be released to the manufacturers and importers on the basis of actual sales made by the retailer to the beneficiaries.

3)Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has made a research in production of protein food for the jawans posted in remote and isolated parts of the country keeping in view the present situation on our borders.

4)Embraer Deal was to purchase three modified aircrafts from M/s Embraer, Brazil

Reasons of Deal :- For installation of DRDO developed mission system to develop indigenous Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C) System.

Issue :- There were media reports on alleged involvement of Agents in the deal. Therefore, DRDO asked for clarification from Embraer based on the media reports.

5)On 24th August 2016, it was reported in an Australian newspaper “The Australian” that certain data relating to the Scorpene class Submarines was leaked.

The Scorpène-class submarines are a class of diesel-electric attack submarines jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company Navantia,

Indian Version of Scorpene Class Submarine :- The Kalvari class submarines being built for the Indian Navy. 

It is a class of diesel-electric attack submarine which is designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS and being manufactured by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai.

6)The Government has decided to grant Permanent Residency Status (PRS) for 10 years with multiple entry to foreign investors.

i) Making investment of minimum of Rs. 10 crores to be brought within 18 months or

ii)Rs. 25 crores to be brought within 36 months. PRS will also be granted to the spouse/dependents of the eligible foreign investor. 

The foreign investment should result in generating employment to atleast 20 resident Indians every financial year. The scheme is expected to encourage foreign investment in India and facilitate Make in India.

7)Clean Energy Cess:- The effective rate of Clean Energy Cess (now renamed as Clean Environment Cess) levied on coal, lignite and peat was increased from Rs.200 per tonne to Rs.400 per tonne.

Clean Environment Cess also acts as green tax, on the lines of polluter pays principle.

8)The 7th World Ayurveda Congress (WAC) will be held from 2nd – 4th December, 2016 at Science City, Kolkata. The mega event is being organized by the World Ayurveda Foundation with support of Ministry of AYUSH.

9)What are Robusta and Arabica : Remember that these are the varieties of Coffee Plants and from time to time the Govt. is releasing HYV's of these.

Ex. Chandragiri for Arabica.

Developed by Central Coffee Research Institute (CCRI).



Monday, 28 November 2016

Daily PIB NEWS ANALYSIS FOR 26th 27th and 28th November 2016 UPSC/IAS Exam


 Watch Youtube Lecture Here


1)Journalist Dileep Padgaonkar has passed away.--You need to read more about him and his contributions in the field of Journalism.

2)Cuban Leader for  more than 50 years Fidel Castro died.

He had a great role in the history of Cuba and was an avid fighter against Poverty inequality and imperialism.

He was a believer of Truth and Justice and in his words he believed in the ability of Man.
Believer of Communism and anti - capitalist, he helped congo , Angola and even Portugal in the war against imperialism.
He was the mirror of the Aspirations of the Third world Countries.

3)Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 introduced in Lok Sabha; A scheme namely, ‘Taxation and Investment Regime for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016’ (PMGKY) proposed in the Bill.

Recently Steps like Demonetization have been taken in order to curb the Black Money.

Concerns have been raised that some of the existing provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (the Act) can possibly be used for concealing black money.

The Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 (‘the Bill’) has been introduced in the Parliament to amend the provisions of the Act to ensure that defaulting assessees are subjected to tax at a higher rate and stringent penalty provision.

So Now What happens is that People Would Startt Finding ways to Protect their Black Money by any possible means so it was the suggestion of the experts that these people should be given the second chance so as to pay heavy taxes and fines on their illegitimate money and come out clean.

2 Benefits of this :
i)Government gets additional revenue for undertaking activities for the welfare of the poor
ii)Remaining part of the declared income legitimately comes into the formal economy.

Taxation and Investment Regime for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016’ (PMGKY) has been proposed in the Bill.

So what will happen under the Scheme :

i)The declarant under this regime shall be required to pay tax @ 30% of the undisclosed income, and penalty @10% of the undisclosed income.

ii)Further, a surcharge to be called ‘Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Cess’ @33% of tax is also proposed to be levied.

iii)In addition to tax, surcharge and penalty (totaling to approximately 50%), the declarant shall have to deposit 25% of undisclosed income in a Deposit Scheme to be notified by the RBI under the ‘Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Deposit Scheme, 2016’.
This amount is proposed to be utilised for the schemes of irrigation, housing, toilets, infrastructure, primary education, primary health, livelihood, etc., so that there is justice and equality.

That means nearly 75% of the Undisclosed income will come to govt.

4)National Milk Day is celebrated in India on the birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien, the Father of White Revolution. :26th Nov. 2016

5)e-Pashuhaat Portal :(

on the occasion of National Milk Day here today. Shri Radha Mohan Singh Singh informed that for the first time in the world under the scheme National Mission on Bovine Productivity ‘e-pashuhaat’ portal has been developed

This will connect breeders and farmers regarding the availability of bovine germplasm.

Through the portal breeders/farmers can sell and purchase breeding stock, information on all forms of germplasm including semen, embryos and live animals with all the agencies and stake holders in the country has been uploaded on the portal. 

Through this portal, farmers will be aware about the availability of quality disease free bovine germplasm with different agencies in the country.  The portal will lead to propagation of high genetic merit germplasm

India has the largest bovine population in the world.

THAT's all for today friends!!