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PIB NEWS ANALYSIS From 28th-31st July 2019

1)Global Tiger Day:- is 29th July.

International Tiger Day was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of the big cats and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues around the world.

Held between November 21, 2010, and November 24, 2010, it was the first-ever global tiger summit to save the tigers from extinction.

Thirteen tiger-range countries namely India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia and host Russia participated in the tiger summit.

The nations and the organisations who had participated in the Tiger Summit, together endorsed a plan known as Global Tiger Recovery Programme to increase the number of wild tigers by double by the year 2022

The Tiger Summit was co-hosted by the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and the World Bank President Robert Zoellick.

2)'Tiger Census Report 2018' :- Nine long years ago, it was decided in Saint Petersburg, that the target of doubling the tiger population would be 2022. We in India completed this target four years early.

NTCA does the Tiger Census every 4 Years.

  • Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka at 524 with Uttarakhand at number 3 with 442 tigers.
  • Chhatisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in their tiger numbers while tiger’s numbers in Odisha remained constant.

During the 4th cycle, in sync with Government of India’s “Digital India” initiative, data was collected using an Android based application- M-STrIPES ( Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) and analyzed on the applications’ desktop module.

The Prime Minister also released report of the 4th cycle of the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves (MEETR) with Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh scoring the highest and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu showing the highest increment in management since the last cycle for which the latter was awarded.

Tiger Population 2,226 in 2014 to 2,967 in 2018.

3)Lok Sabha passes Consumer Protection Bill, 2019:- 

Salient Features of the Bill:-

1.         Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA): Executive Agency to provide relief to a class of consumers.

2.         Simplified Dispute Resolution process:- 

  • i) Pecuniary Jurisdiction enhanced to-
  • District Commission –Up to Rs1 crore
  • State Commission- Between  Rs1 crore and Rs 10 crore
  • National Commission –Above Rs.10 crore

  • Filing from place of residence
  • E-filing
  • Videoconferencing for hearing

3. Mediation:- An Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism

No appeal against settlement through mediation

4. Product Liability:- A manufacturer or product service provider or product seller to be responsible to compensate for injury or damage caused by defective product or deficiency in services

New Bill- Benefit to Consumers:- 

Presently Consumer only have a single point of access to justice, which is time consuming. Additional swift executive remedies are proposed in the bill through Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA)

Deterrent punishment to check misleading advertisements and adulteration of products

Provision for rules for new age consumer issues: e-commerce & direct selling

Ease of approaching Consumer Commission and Simplification of Adjudication process

4)Article 340 in The Constitution Of India:- Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes

The President may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India.

5)United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA):- The United Nations General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation ("the Convention") on 20th December 2018.

The General Assembly authorized that the Convention will open for signature at a signing ceremony to be held on 7thAugust 2019 in Singapore and will be known as the "Singapore Convention on Mediation" (the Convention).

News: The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the signing of the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA) resulting from mediation by the Republic of India scheduled to be held at Singapore on 7th August, 2019, or at United Nations Headquarters.


Signing of the Convention will boost the confidence of the investors and shall provide a positive signal to foreign investors about India's commitment to adhere to international practice on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).

6)Eight Core Industries:- 

  1. Coal
  2. Crude Oil
  3. Natural Gas
  4. Refinery Products
  5. Fertilizers
  6. Steel
  7. Cement
  8. Electricity

Index is calculated in Base Year 2011-12

7)Atal Community Innovation Centre (ACIC):- Launched in New Delhi under the AIM. AIM is a initiated by NITI AAYOG.

AIM of ACIC is to encourage the spirit of innovation at the community level.

Urges for innovative mechanism to harness and support traditional knowledge in the country.

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