THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: PIB News Analysis From 1st - 9th August 2019

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PIB News Analysis From 1st - 9th August 2019

1)RPF Launches “Operation Number Plate” across Indian Railways- A Drive against unattended/unclaimed vehicles in all Railway Premises.

2)PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana:-Scheme is voluntary and contributory for farmers in the entry age group of 18 to 40 years and a monthly pension of Rs. 3000/- will be provided to them on attaining the age of 60 years. The farmers will have to make a monthly contribution of Rs.55 to Rs.200, depending on their age of entry, in the Pension Fund till they reach the retirement date i.e. the age of 60 years.



The Central Government will also make an equal contribution of the same amount in the pension fund.

The spouse is also eligible to get a separate pension of Rs.3000/- upon making separate contributions to the Fund. The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) shall be the Pension Fund Manager and responsible for Pension pay out.

The Minister stated that, in case of death of the farmer before retirement date, the spouse may continue in the scheme by paying the remaining contributions till the remaining age of the deceased farmer. If the spouse does not wish to continue, the total contribution made by the farmer along with interest will be paid to the spouse. If there is no spouse, then total contribution along with interest will be paid to the nominee.

If the farmer dies after the retirement date, the spouse will receive 50% of the pension as Family Pension. After the death of both the farmer and the spouse, the accumulated corpus shall be credited back to the Pension Fund. The beneficiaries may opt voluntarily to exit the Scheme after a minimum period of 5 years of regular
contributions.

3)NITI Aayog, the premier think tank of the Government of India, has launched the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards, in collaboration with the United Nations in New Delhi.

The theme for WTI Awards 2019 is “Women and Entrepreneurship”, in continuation with last edition’s theme that recognizes women entrepreneurs who are breaking the glass

ceiling and challenging stereotypes, through businesses and enterprises and are providing innovative developmental solutions to building a dynamic New India

4)Defense Acquisition Council:- An overarching structure, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), under the Defence Minister was constituted for overall guidance of the defence procurement planning process.

The objective of the Defence Acquisition Council is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.

The functions of the DAC include:


  • in-principle approval of 15 Year Long-Term Integrated Perspective Plan for Defence Forces;
  • accord of Acceptance of Necessity to acquisition proposals;
  • categorization of the acquisition proposals relating to ‘Buy’, ‘Buy & Make’ and ‘Make’;
  • issues relating to Single vendor clearance;
  • decision regarding ‘offset’ provisions in respect of acquisition proposals above Rs. 300 crores;
  • decisions regarding Transfer of Technology under ‘Buy & Make’ category of acquisition proposals; and
  • Field Trial evaluation.


5)World Biofuel Day observed on 10th August.

This year the theme of the World Biofuel Day is “Production of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO)”.

Biofuels have the benefits of reduction of import dependence, cleaner environment, additional income to farmers and employment generation.  Biofuel programme also

compliments Government of India’s initiatives for Make in India, Swachh Bharat and increasing farmers income.

6)ISRO announces Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research.As part of centenary year celebrations of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, father of

Indian space programme, ISRO institutes two categories of awards in journalism. ISRO has announced its “Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology

and Research” to recognize and reward journalists who have actively contributed towards the field of space science, applications, and research. The nominations are

open to all Indians who have a good experience in journalism. The articles published from 2019 to 2020 will be considered, says the Indian Space Research Organisation

(ISRO).

7)Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 gets Parliamentary approval:- The Parliament today gave its nod to the landmark Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 which aims to protect

the rights of consumers by establishing authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumers’ dispute.

The Bill will replace the more than three decades old Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

The bill, among other things, proposes setting up of a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers as a class. 

The CCPA would make interventions to prevent consumer detriment arising from unfair trade practices. The agency can also initiate class action, including enforcing recall, refund and return of products.

The Bill also envisages simplified dispute resolution process, has provision for Mediation and e-filing of cases.  The Consumer will be able to file cases in the nearest commission under the jurisdiction of which he resides.

For the first time there will be an exclusive law dealing with Product Liability. A manufacturer or product service provider or product seller will now be responsible to compensate for injury or damage caused by defective product or deficiency in services.

 There are provisions for deterrent punishment to check misleading advertisements and adulteration of products. Product liability provision to deter manufacturers and service providers from delivering defective products or deficient services. The Bill also enables regulations to be notified on E-commerce and direct selling with focus on protection of interest of consumers.

8)Lalit Kala Akademi:-


  • It is India’s national academy to promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, in and outside the country.
  • It is also called as National Academy of Art.
  • It is autonomous organisation funded by Ministry of Culture.
  • It was established in 1954.
  • It provides scholarships and fellow program and sponsors and organises exhibitions in India and overseas.
  • It publishes bilingual journal.


9)Government brings Resolution to Repeal Article 370 of the Constitution:-Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill, 2019
President issues Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order 2019.

Jammu & Kashmir Reservation (2nd Amendment) Bill, 2019 introduced and passed.

The provisions of Article 370 would cease to exist from the date President of India issues a notification in this regard, after the recommendation of the Parliament.

Consequently, the Constitution of India would get applicable to J&K, on par with other states/UTs of the country.

the Minister termed the provisions of Article 370 as discriminatory on the basis of gender, class, caste and place of origin. The youth is being taken for a ride by

the political elite. This provision was temporary in the first place and it has to go in the larger interest of the people of J&K, he added..

Under article 370(3), there is a provision that President, on recommendation of the Parliament, has the power to amend or cease the implementation of article

370,through a public notification. This has already happened on a number of occasions in the past.

73rdand 74thAmendments to the Constitution could not be applied to J&K due to article 370. Panchayat and Nagar Palika elections could not be held. Who is responsible

for taking away democratic rights of the people of J&K which were available to other citizens of India? It was Article 370.Panchayat elections recently held were

conducted successfully and peacefully. The people want democracy and not bloodshed., the Minister said.

Daughters of the state marrying outside the state lose their rights to property. It is so discriminatory to the women and their children. SC and ST people have been

discriminated against and have been deprived of reservation to political offices

10)TechEx:-TechEx - technology exhibition at IIT Delhi
TechEx was organized to demonstrate products and prototypes developed under the two flagship schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) namely

IMPacting Research, INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT) and UchhatarAvishkar Yojana (UAY).  The Minister also released TechEx Volume containing abstracts of all the

IMPRINT and UAY projects.

11)Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP):- RCEP is proposed between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei,

Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, 

China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).

RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.

Aim: RCEP aims to boost goods trade by eliminating most tariff and non-tariff barriers — a move that is expected to provide the region’s consumers greater choice of

quality products at affordable rates. It also seeks to liberalise investment norms and do away with services trade restrictions.

12)The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has sold its entire stakes in the National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) and National Housing Bank. The decision to divest its entire stake was taken based on the recommendations of the second Narasimham Committee.

The government now holds a 100 per cent stake in both NHB and NABARD.

NHB is an All India Financial Institution (AIFl), set up in 1988, under the National Housing Bank Act, 1987.

It is an apex agency established to operate as a principal agency to promote housing finance institutions both at local and regional levels and to provide financial

and other support incidental to such institutions and for matters connected therewith.


Nabard:

It is an apex development and specialized bank established on 12 July 1982 by an act by the parliament of India.

It was established based on the recommendations of the Committee set up by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under the chairmanship of Shri B. shivaraman

13)Skill India’s SANKALP Scheme to focus on district level skilling ecosystem through seamless convergence and coordination.
 “Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)” programme.

A robust IT system namely “Skill India Portal” has also been developed under SANKALP to capture and converge skill data.

14)India to conduct 1st National Time Release Study to enable faster movement of cargo across borders to benefit traders.
The Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, as part of its strategic commitment to improve global trade, is conducting India’s first national Time Release Study (TRS) between 1st – 7th August. The exercise will be institutionalized on an annual basis, during the same period every year hereafter. The TRS is an internationally recognized tool advocated by World Customs Organization to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of international trade flows.

15)KABIL Set up to Ensure Supply of Critical Minerals: A joint venture company namely Khanij Bidesh India Ltd. (KABIL) is to be set up with the participation of three Central Public Sector Enterprises namely, National Aluminium Company Ltd.(NALCO), Hindustan Copper Ltd.(HCL) and Mineral Exploration Company Ltd. (MECL).

The Minister of Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Shri Pralhad Joshi said that the objective of constituting KABIL is to ensure a consistent supply of critical and strategic minerals to Indian domestic market. While KABIL would ensure mineral security of the Nation, it would also help in realizing the overall objective of import substitution.

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