THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: PIB NEWS Analysis FROM 17th-24th August 2019

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PIB NEWS Analysis FROM 17th-24th August 2019

1)POSHAN Abhiyaan:- PM recently iterated  “Health and Nutrition are priority areas of our Government. Health remains one of the key areas in our quest of building an inclusive and new India. An Integral part of our vision is achieving ‘KuposhanMukt Bharat’ by 2022.

WCD Minister stated the 5 pillars of POSHAN Abhiyaan i.e. ‘’importance of First 1000 days, detection and right treatment of Anemia&Diarrohea, Personal Hygiene, Sanitation and PaushtikAahaar’’.

The POSHAN Abhiyaan, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.

The Government has set up POSHAN Abhiyaan on 18.12.2017 for a three year time frame, commencing from 2017-18. The Abhiyaan aims to reduce malnutrition in the Country in a phased manner, through a life cycle approach, by adopting a synergised and result oriented approach.

Targets :- The target of the Abhiyaan is to reduce stunting in children (0-6 years),
under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years) and
reduce Low Birth Weight at 2% per annum and
reduce anaemia among young children (6-59 months), women and adolescent girls at 3% per annum across the country.

2)“Hunar Haat" :- Organised by Ministry of Minority Affairs.

“Hunar Haat” has proved to be a “credible brand” of “Indigenous Talent” of Indian artisans and craftsmen. “Hunar Haat” has ensured “Development with Dignity” of artisans and craftsmen of the country.

“Hunar Haat” has become a “credible brand” to fulfil Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s commitment to “Make in India”, “Stand up India”, “Start up India”.

3)President of India inaugurates the First World Youth Conference on Kindness:-
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the first World Youth Conference on Kindness in New Delhi today (August 23, 2019)

The President said that education too can play an important role in overcoming our prejudices. We need to evaluate and evolve the premise, goals and structure of our education system. Education needs to go beyond mere literacy. Education must facilitate and challenge the young to search deep within themselves and build their inner strength to sympathize or relate to the suffering of others. We need to educate young people such that they can defy and transcend boundaries of class and race. We need them to be educated and creative to find solutions to entrenched structural injustices and inequities. We need an education that can touch our emotions and our spirits.

The first World Youth Conference on Kindness is being organised by the UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development with the aim to impart critical competencies (i.e. empathy, compassion, mindfulness and critical inquiry) in global youth to inspire, empower and enable them to transform themselves and build long-lasting peace in their communities. Youth leaders, representing over 27 countries, are participating in this Conference.

4)Chandrayaan-2 precisely inserted in defined lunar orbit:- This is ISRO’s second moon mission after Chandrayaan-1 in the year 2008. Chandrayaan-2 was launched from Sriharikota on 22nd July this year. It carries an orbiter, ‘Vikram’ lander and ‘Pragyan’ rover.

5)Union HRD Minister launches NISHTHA to build capacities of 42 Lakh government teachers across the country:- NISHTHA is the world’s largest teachers’ training programme of its kind in the world.

NISHTHA :- National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement

6)Reduce,Rebate and Reuse Milk Pouches to save Environment:- 3R strategy – Reduce, Rebate and Reuse. i.e. REDUCE consumption of plastics by subsidizing price of 1 litre pack over ½ litre pack, REBATE to customers for bringing back plastics, REUSE of pouches for users such as Road construction, recyclers.

7)NITI Aayog to release a Report on the Composite Water Management Index 2.0:-  Jal Shakti Ministry on 1st July, 2019  launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyaan a campaign for water conservation and water security in 1592 water stressed blocks in 256 districts, to ensure  important water conservation interventions.

8)‘San-Sadhan’ Hackathon is being organized jointly by the Ministry of Jal Shakti and the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, in collaboration with Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog.

The government calls for applications for its latest initiative under the Swachh Bharat Mission, called the ‘San-Sadhan’ Hackathon, an initiative to ease lives of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) by making toilets smarter, more accessible, and easier to use. In this hackathon, the government is looking for smart, scalable and innovative solutions for economical toilets for individual and community use in rural and urban contexts.

9)Power Minister Shri RK Singh approves proposal to declare ocean energy as Renewable Energy:- Accordingly, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has clarified to all the stakeholders that energy produced using various forms of ocean energy such as tidal, wave, ocean thermal energy conversion etc. shall be considered as Renewable Energy and shall be eligible for meeting the non-solar Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO).

Oceans cover 70 percent of the earth’s surface and represent an enormous amount of energy in the form of wave, tidal, marine current and thermal gradient.

Total identified potential of Tidal Energy is about 12455 MW, with potential locations identified at Khambat & Kutch regions, and large backwaters, where barrage technology could be used.

The total theoretical potential of wave energy in India along the country’s coast is estimated to be about 40,000 MW – these are preliminary estimates. This energy is however less intensive than what is available in more northern and southern latitudes.

OTEC has a theoretical potential of 180,000 MW in India subject to suitable technological evolution.

10)Sabka Vishwas - Legacy Dispute Resolution Scheme notified ; to be operationalized from 1st September 2019:- Sabka Vishwas-Legacy Dispute Resolution Scheme, 2019. The Scheme has now been notified and will be operationalized from 1st September 2019.

The Scheme would continue till 31st December 2019. Government expects the Scheme to be availed by large number of taxpayers for closing their pending disputes relating to legacy Service Tax and Central Excise cases that are now subsumed under GST so they can focus on GST.

The two main components of the Scheme are dispute resolution and amnesty.

The amnesty component of the Scheme offers an opportunity to the taxpayers to pay the outstanding tax and be free of any other consequence under the law.

The Scheme is especially tailored to free the large number of small taxpayers of their pending disputes with the tax administration.

11)“Aadi Mahotsav” Begins at Leh-Ladakh Today:- Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Aadi Mahotsav (National Tribal Festival), a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India & Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) begins at Polo Ground, Leh-Ladakh today.

12)BASIC countries:- Brazil, South Africa, India and China put together has one-third of world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of the world’s population and when we unitedly speak in one voice this shows our determination and the BASIC Group could play an important part in making  Paris agreement accepted by all the countries in its true letter and spirit”

(CoP25) in Chile

13)Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh reviews functioning of IMAC and IFC-IOR:- Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) and Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) located at Gurugram.

enhancing the capabilities of the two centres under the National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA) Project.

The NMDA project was launched in accordance with the vision of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region). The IMAC monitors movement of more than 120,000 ships a year passing through the Indian Ocean.

The cargo carried by these ships account for 66 per cent of world crude oil, 50 per cent of container traffic and 33 per cent of bulk cargo.

IFC-IOR, which is a collaborative initiative by the Indian Navy in coordination with partner nations and multi-national maritime agencies to enhance Maritime Domain Awareness and Maritime Security.

14)Four New Products get GI Tag:- The Geographical Indication (GI) under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade hasrecenly registered 4 new GIs.

Palani Panchamirtham(main offerings in the Abisegam of Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy) from Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu State, Tawlhlohpuan (fabric) and Mizo Puanchei (Colourful Mizo Shawl) from the state of Mizoram and Tirur Betel (vine from Kerala)leaf from Kerala are the latest additions to the list of registered GIs.

GI is an indication used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.

Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get the geographical indication tag. In 2004, the famous beverage got the recognition

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