THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: PIB and AIR News 1st May, 2019

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PIB and AIR News 1st May, 2019

Questions:
1. Who has composed Ramayana in Tamil?
2. Who made world-famous Nataraja bronze statues?
3. What is the direction of "Qibla Liwan" in mosque?

News:

1. UN designates Masood Azhar as global terrorist


  • In a huge diplomatic win for India, the United Nations today designated Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar as a "global terrorist" after China lifted its hold on a proposal to blacklist him
  • A "global terrorist"  designation will subject Azhar to an assets freeze, travel ban and an arms embargo.
  • In 2009, India moved a proposal by itself to designate Azhar. In 2016 again India moved the proposal with the P3 - the United States, the United Kingdom and France in the UN's 1267 Sanctions Committee to ban Azhar, also the mastermind of the attack on the air base in Pathankot in January, 2016. 
  • In 2017, the P3 nations moved a similar proposal again. However, on all occasions China, a veto-wielding permanent member of the Security Council, blocked India's proposal from being adopted by the Sanctions Committee.


2. Apurvi Chandela attains world number one spot in women's 10 m air rifle event

Indian shooting ace Apurvi Chandela today attained the world number one position in the women's 10 metres air rifle event while compatriot Anjum Moudgil rose to number two after consistent performances in recent years.

3. International Labour Day being celebrated today -1st May


  • It is also known as International Worker's Day or May Day
  • The day is celebrated to honour the contribution of working men and women. The theme of Labour Day this year is - Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement. 
  • Labour Day aims to pay tribute to workers sacrifices in achieving economic and social rights all over the world. 
  • During industrialization at the beginning of the 19th Century, the industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day. The workers rose against this exploitation and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workforce.
  • The day marks the victory of the workers' movement for eight hours of work. In India, the first Labour day or May Day was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai.


4. Chandrayaan-2 to be launched in July


  • Chandrayaan-2 will have three modules in it, an orbiter, a lander named Vikram and a rover known as Pragyan. The rover will be accommodated within the lander. 
  • Lander will emerge from the orbiter that will be encircling the moon and soft land on the moon. Afterwards, the rover will emerge from it and study the nature of the moon’s surface.
  • Chandrayaan-2 will be launched using India’s most powerful rocket GSLV-Mark-3


5. Indian and French Navies conduct Varuna 19.1 Bilateral Exercise Off Goa coast

6. Electoral Bond Scheme 2018

  • As per provisions of the Scheme, Electoral Bonds may be purchased by a person who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India
  • A person being an individual can buy Electoral Bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals
  • Only the Political Parties registered under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and which secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last General Election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State, shall be eligible to receive the Electoral Bonds
  • The Electoral Bonds shall be encashed by an eligible Political Party only through a Bank account with the Authorized Bank.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorized to issue and encash Electoral Bonds
  • The Electoral Bonds shall be valid for fifteen calendar days from the date of issue and no payment shall be made to any payee Political Party if the Electoral Bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period. The Electoral Bond deposited by an eligible Political Party in its account shall be credited on the same day


7. ICAT - A World Class Automotive Testing Centre


  • The automotive industry is the sunshine industry in India contributing to over 7.5% to country's GDP.
  • Creation of new automotive test centres in the country under NATRIP project, is an important step forward by the Government to support the need of the automotive industry in the backdrop of tightening regulatory framework and technology shift driven by market forces.
  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar, located in the northern automotive hub of India, is a leading world class automotive testing, certification and R&D service provider under the aegis of NATRiP (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project), Government of India
  • It comes under Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises
  • Automotive electrical and electronics lab (AEEL)
    • The AEEL is an important lab considering the rapid increase in the use of electrical and electronics in vehicles. The lab offers services for certification and validation for wide range of E&E components including systems, E-motors, ECUs, Batteries and RFIDS
  • Tyre Test Lab (TTL)
    • ICAT has world class tyre test facilities being operated and managed by highly skilled and experienced team to deliver quality and swift services to customers.
  • Passive Safety Lab (PSL)
    • Passive Safety Lab is dedicated to support automotive industry for their needs of Crash Testing (Regulatory as well as Developmental), pedestrian protection testing, sled testing and airbag deployment testing.

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