THE EXAMS MADE SIMPLE: PIB and AIR News 13-15th April, 2019

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PIB and AIR News 13-15th April, 2019

Questions:
1. Name the members of BIMSTEC ( Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)?
2.Name the members of RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership ).
3. When & where were the 1st Asian Games held?

Today's News:

1. President’s greetings on the eve of Vaisakhi, Vishu, Rongali Bihu, Naba Barsha, Vaisakhadi, Puthandu Pirappu- ALL Harvest Festivals

Vaishakhi: Punjab
Vishu: Vishu is the new year Malayali festival celebrated in the Indian state of Kerala and in coastal Kanyakumari
Rongali Bihu: Assamese New Year
Naba Barsha: first day of Bengali Calendar
Vaisakhadi: Punjab & Haryana
Puthandu Pirappu: Tamil New Year
In Assam, Bohag Bihu is being celebrated across the state with traditional fervour and enthusiasm. Today, the first day of celebration known as the Goru or cow bihu. Goru bihu is dedicated to cattle and livestock.

2. Former IL&FS Managing Director Ramesh Bawa arrested by SFIO
IL&FS - Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS)
Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO)

  • The Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) is a statutory corporate fraud investigating agency in India.
  • Companies Act, 2013, accorded the statutory status to the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO). It is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India. The SFIO is involved in major fraud probes and is the co-ordinating agency with the Income Tax Department and the Central Bureau of Investigation
  •  Based on the recommendation of Naresh Chandra Committee on corporate governance (which was set up by the Government on 21 August 2002) and in the backdrop of stock market scams as also the failure of non-banking companies resulting in huge financial loss to the public, Vajpayee Government decided to setup SFIO on 9 January 2003


3. Nation pays homage to martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh massacre on its centenary


  • Jallianwala Bagh is in Amritsar, Punjab
  • On April 13, 1919, Baisakhi day, following unrest in Amritsar after protests against the Rowlatt Act, Brigadier General (temporary rank) Reginald Dyer took a strike force of 50 rifles and 40 khukri-wielding Gurkhas into an enclosed ground, Jallianwala Bagh, where a peaceful public meeting of 15,000-20,000 was being held.
  • The firing of 1,650 rounds was deliberate and targeted


4. Nation pays tributes to Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar on his 128th birth anniversary- 14th April


  • Known as the "Architect of the Indian Constitution"
  •  Dr Ambedkar relentlessly campaigned against social discrimination and inequalities and was a firm believer in the empowerment of women through education


5. Meena Kumari Maisnam clinches gold in Boxing World Cup
India finished with 5 medals in the  Boxing World Cup which concluded at Cologne, Germany

6. Three-person Baby Boy Born in Greece

  • The baby boy has inherited the genetic material from two women and a man.
  • Doctors used an egg from the infertile mother, the father’s sperm and another woman’s egg to conceive the baby boy
  • The doctors transferred genetic material with chromosomes from the mother to the egg of a donor whose own genetic material had been removed in a process. 
  • A similar DNA switching technique was adopted in Mexico in 2016 to avoid transmission of a mother’s hereditary illness to her child.
  • In-vitro Fertilization is an artificial reproduction technique wherein the process of fertilization happens by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory set-up. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.


7. Telugu poet K Siva Reddy has been selected for the prestigious Saraswati Samman, 2018

  • He has been awarded for his work Pakkaki Ottigilite which is a collection of poetry.
  • Saraswati Samman Award was instituted by the KK Birla Foundation in the year 1991. It is given annually for an outstanding literary work written in any official Indian language and published during the preceding 10 years.
  • Other popular literary awards constituted by the Birla Foundation are Vyas Samman (for Hindi) and Bihari Puraskar (for Hindi and Rajasthani writers of Rajasthan).


8. Cabinet approves creation of one post of Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General in the office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India
The Deputy Comptroller & Auditor General shall oversee the coordination among State Audits, audit of telecommunication and to coordinate the various Information Systems (IS) initiatives within the Indian Audit & Accounts Department (IA&AD)

9. Cabinet approves Continuation of Phase 4 of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

  • Phase-4 consists of five GSLV flights during the period 2021-2024.
  • The GSLV Continuation Programme - Phase 4 will meet the launch requirement of satellites for providing critical Satellite Navigation Services, Data Relay Communication for supporting the Indian Human spaceflight programme and the next interplanetary mission to Mars. This will also ensure the continuity of production in Indian industry.
  • GSLV has enabled independent access to space for 2 tonne class of satellites to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). One of the very significant outcomes of the GSLV Continuation Programme is the mastering of the highly complex cryogenic propulsion technology, which is an essential technological capability to launch communication satellites to GTO. This has also paved the way for the development of a high thrust Cryogenic engine & stage for the next generation launch vehicle i.e. GSLV Mk-lll.   


10. Successful Trial of 'Nirbhay' Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile


  • The missile demonstrated its sea-skimming capability to cruise at very low altitudes.
  • A cruise missile locates its target, or has a preset target, and navigates there.
  • Cruise missiles generally consist of a guidance system
  • Cruise missiles that can be launched from various platforms whether from Land, Sea (Submarine, Ship) or Air
  • Cruise missiles characterized by having different forms of guidance whether inertial or beyond visual range satellite GPS guidance.
  • They are known specifically for the low-level flight which is staying relatively close to the surface of the earth to avoid detection from anti-missile systems and are designed to carry large payloads with high precision. The key is that the missile is guided entirely to the target under its own power.
  • The ballistic missile is targeted as a projectile from a single launch force with not much-added guidance.
  • It is launched directly into the high layers of the earth’s atmosphere
  • Since it depends on gravity to reach its target, it’s called a ballistic missile.
  • Ballistic missiles can travel extremely quickly along their flight path. An ICBM can strike a target within a 10,000 km range in about 30 to 35 minutes.


11. "Yellow-vest" anger


  • The yellow vest movement, named after the fluorescent safety jackets worn by demonstrators, began in rural and small-town France in November 2018 over fuel taxes and quickly snowballed into a broader anti-capitalist, anti-establishment rebellion.

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